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List of norms

European standard to determine the behavior of the fabric for use in upholstery when exposed to the combustion of a lit cigarette.
The test rig is made using foam and fabric simulating an upholstered chair and is exposed to different sources of ignition (a lit cigarette and a 35mm high butane gas flame, simulating a match).
Section 1: A lit cigarette is placed, burning without flame, at different points of the chair joint, in contact with the backrest and the seat. The fabric is observed after 60 minutes to determine if there is burning with or without flame.
Section 2: The chair joint is exposed for 15 seconds to a butane gas flame, simulating a lit match and, after removing the flame, the fabric is observed for 2 minutes to determine if there is combustion with or without a flame.
The material passes the test if there is no evidence of combustion or the area of charred residue is very limited.

European standard to determine the behavior of the fabric for installation of curtains when exposed to the combustion of a flame.
The test rig is made placing fabric on a vertical metal frame and exposing it to a propane gas flame. The test is carried out following predefined rules:
– EN1101: determines flammability.
After applying the flame to the vertical sample, it is observed for signs of ignition, and, if it occurs, the ignition time is recorded. If so, the test is continued according to EN1102. If not, procedure is followed according to the EN13772 standard.
– EN1102: determines the speed of propagation of the flame.
After applying the flame for 10 seconds on the vertical sample, the time it takes for the flame to reach 3 points indicated on the sample is recorded. Depending on the propagation time of the flame, the material is graded class 4 or 5.
– EN13772: measures the spread of the flame.
After applying a heat source with a given energy to the back of the vertical sample, a small flame is applied to a piece of cotton fabric that surrounds the lower part of the sample, and the flame spread is calculated by determining the time that it took to reach the reference marks in the sample.

International standard to determine the behavior of the fabric for use in upholstery (p.8), curtains (p.7) and / or murals (p.2 and p.5) when exposed to the combustion of a flame. Codes of procedures for fire resistance tests of marine equipment:
– IMO FTPC section 2: Smoke and toxicity test.
– IMO FTPC section 5: Test for flammability of surfaces (surface materials or primary covering coatings).
– IMO FTPC section 7: Test for textiles and films on vertical supports.
– IMO FTPC section 8: Test for upholstered furniture by means of flameless lit cigarette test and butane gas flame test.
IMO FTPC section 7: The test fabric is placed on a vertical metal frame and the surface and lower edge of the sample are exposed to a flame. The fabric is observed to determine if ignition occurs. Followingly it is observed for burning of the edges, scorching droplets, the length of the charred debris, and the probability of a surface flare.
The material passes the test if it presents the following characteristics:
– Maximum time of 5 seconds of persistent flame.
– Absence of burns on the edges.
– Absence of ignition of the cotton pad.
– The charred waste area has a maximum length of 150mm.
– There is no combustion greater than 1mm.
IMO FTPC section 8: The test fabric is installed simulating an upholstered chair.
– A lit cigarette is placed along the joint of the chair, in contact with the backrest and the seat, burning without flame. The fabric is observed for any signs of incandescence and burning within 1 hour.
– A burner is passed along the joint between the seat and the backrest and back for 20 seconds. The fabric is observed for any signs of incandescence or progressive burning.
The material passes the test if there is no evidence of progressive combustion, with or without flame, in either case.

British standard to determine the resistance to combustion for use in upholstered furniture or seats for non-residential use.
The test fabric is installed with foam simulating an upholstered chair and exposed to different sources of ignition to define the risk category:
Low risk:
– EN1021-1: a lit cigarette is placed, burning without flame, along the joint of the chair, in contact with the backrest and the seat. The fabric is observed to determine if there is burning or smoldering.
– EN1021-2: the chair joint is tested with a butane gas flame, simulating a lit match and, after removing the flame, the fabric is observed for 2 minutes to determine if there is burning with or without a flame.
– Typical uses: offices, colleges, schools, universities, museums, exhibitions, day centers, …
Medium risk:
– EN1021-1: a lit cigarette is placed, burning without flame, along the joint of the chair, in contact with the backrest and the seat. The fabric is observed to determine if there is burning or smoldering.
– EN1021-2: the chair gasket is tested with a butane gas flame, simulating a lit match and, after removing the flame, the fabric is observed for 2 minutes to determine if there is burning with or without a flame.
– BS5852 (Crib5): a wooden structure, known as Crib5, is lit (once lit it is 16 times more intense than a match), and placed on the joint of the chair, in contact with the backrest and the seat.
– Typical uses: hotels, hostels, restaurants, bars, public buildings, public rooms, casinos, hospitals, …

Medium risk::

– EN1021-1: a lit cigarette is placed, burning without flame, along the joint of the chair, in contact with the backrest and the seat. The fabric is observed to determine if there is burning or smoldering.
– EN1021-2: the chair gasket is tested with a butane gas flame, simulating a lit match and, after removing the flame, the fabric is observed for 2 minutes to determine if there is burning with or without a flame.
– BS5852 (Crib5): a wooden structure, known as Crib5, is lit (once lit it is 16 times more intense than a match), and placed on the joint of the chair, in contact with the backrest and the seat.
– Typical uses: hotels, hostels, restaurants, bars, public buildings, public rooms, casinos, hospitals, …

Estructura de madera Crib5

Estructura de madera Crib5

High risk:
– EN1021-1: a lit cigarette is placed, burning without flame, along the joint of the chair, in contact with the backrest and the seat. The fabric is observed to determine if there is burning or smoldering.
– EN1021-2: the chair joint is tested with a butane gas flame, simulating a lit match and, after removing the flame, the fabric is observed for 2 minutes to determine if there is burning with or without a flame.
– BS5852 (Crib7): a wooden structure, known as Crib5, is lit (once lit it is 16 times more intense than a match), and placed on the joint of the chair, in contact with the backrest and the seat.
– Typical uses: Facilities for overnight stays in certain hospitals and hostels, offshore facilities, …

Very high risk:
– EN1021-1: a lit cigarette is placed, burning without flame, along the joint of the chair, in contact with the backrest and the seat. The fabric is observed to determine if there is burning or smoldering.
– EN1021-2: the chair joint is tested with a butane gas flame, simulating a lit match and, after removing the flame, the fabric is observed for 2 minutes to determine if there is burning with or without a flame.
– BS5852 (Crib7): a wooden structure, known as Crib5, is lit (once lit it is 16 times more intense than a match), and placed on the joint of the chair, in contact with the backrest and the seat.
– Additional requirements at the discretion of the specifying entity with requirements for at least high risks.
– Typical uses: Facilities with confinement in psychiatric centers, prison cells, …
Defining the risk category according to the test method

BS7176
Low risk
BS7176
Medium risk
BS7176
High risk
BS7176
Very high risk
Requirements EN1021-1 (match)
EN1021-2 (cigarette)
EN1021-1 (match)
EN1021-2 (cigarette)
BS5852 (Crib5)
EN1021-1 (match)
EN1021-2 (cigarette)
BS5852 (Crib7)
EN1021-1 (match)
EN1021-2 (cigarette)
BS5852 (Crib7)Additional requirements at the discretion of the specifying entity.
Typical uses Offices, colleges, schools, universities, museums, exhibitions, day centers, … Hotels, hostels, restaurants, bars, public buildings, public rooms, casinos, hospitals, … Facilities for overnight stays in certain hospitals and hostels, high-rise facilities mar, … Facilities with confinement in psychiatric centers, prison cells, …

British standard to determine the behavior of the fabric for non-residential use of curtains when exposed to the combustion of a flame.
The test fabric is installed on a vertical frame simulating a curtain and the bottom of the sample is exposed to a small flame for 15 seconds. The fabric must be tested before and after washing (type B: 12 washing cycles at 40ºC; type C: 50 washing cycles at 40ºC).
The material is classified according to the observed characteristics:
– Class B: ease of ignition is observed, if the flame reaches one of the edges of the sample and if combustion residues fall
– Class C: persistent flame time and incandescence time are measured

Italian standard to determine the behavior of the fabric for use in curtains when exposed to the combustion of a flame and a radiant panel.
The test fabric is installed in an upright position and exposed to the flame of a burner.
The fabric is observed and the time it takes for the flame to reach 3 points indicated on the sample is recorded, determining the speed of propagation of the flame. The presence of residual incandescence, the damaged area and scorching drops are also observed, thus being able to classify the material in levels:
– Level 1: The flame does not reach the 3 points marked on the fabric, the damaged area is equal to or less than 300mm, the incandescence time is equal to or less than 180 seconds and there are no scorching drops or incandescent residues.
– Level 2: The flame spreads at a speed equal to or less than 30mm / min, the damaged area measures between 300mm and 600mm, the incandescence time is between 180 and 360 seconds and the scorching drops and / or no incandescent residues are extinguished after 3 seconds.
– Level 3: The flame spreads at a speed greater than 30mm / min, the damaged area is equal to or greater than 600mm, the incandescence time is greater than 360 seconds and the scorching drops and / or incandescent residues do not extinguish after 3 seconds.

 

  Flame propagation speed Damaged area Incandescence time Drops
Zone 1 The flame does not reach the 3 points marked on the sample ≤ 300mm ≤ 180 s Absence of scorching drops or incandescent residues
Zone 2 ≤ 30mm/min 300mm< área< 600mm 180 s < tiempo < 360 s Scorching droplets or incandescent residue that extinguish after 3 s
Zone 3 > 30mm/min ≥ 600mm ≥ 360 s Scorching droplets or incandescent residue that does not extinguish after 3 s

Italian standard to determine the behavior of fabrics for upholstery use in the presence of a small ignition source.
The test fabric is installed simulating an upholstered chair and the flame of a burner is exposed along the joint of the chair, between the backrest and the seat. The test is carried out 3 times, during different periods of time: 20 seconds, 80 seconds and 140 seconds, and the presence of combustion, flame and incandescence is observed, classified into 3 categories:
– – Class 1: satisfactory result after 140 seconds
– – Class 2: tissue begins to fail after 80 seconds of exposure
– – Class 3: positive result after 20 seconds

German standard used to determine the behavior of fabric for use in upholstery when exposed to fire, also known as the “fire gallery” test.
Fire gallery test:
Inside a test chamber containing a gas burner, four test samples are hung upright and simultaneously exposed for 10 minutes to a flame and a constant flow of air from below. The temperature of the smoke and the length of the undamaged part of the samples are measured to determine their classification.

The material is classified as B1 when, after 10 minutes of simultaneous exposure to a flame and a constant flow of air from below:
– the average residual length of the sample is not less than 150mm, without any completely burned sample; and
– the average temperature of the smoke is below 200ºC.
The material is classified as B2 when, after 15 seconds of exposure to the flame of a gas burner:
– the time to reach the marked point equal to or greater than 20 seconds;
– the material does not ignite; and
– Scorching droplets extinguish after 2 seconds.

German standard used to determine the behavior of fabric for use in upholstery when exposed to fire, also known as the “fire gallery” test.
Fire gallery test:
Inside a test chamber containing a gas burner, four test samples are hung upright and simultaneously exposed for 10 minutes to a flame and a constant flow of air from below. The temperature of the smoke and the length of the undamaged part of the samples are measured to determine their classification.

The material is classified as B1 when, after 10 minutes of simultaneous exposure to a flame and a constant flow of air from below:
– the average residual length of the sample is not less than 150mm, without any completely burned sample; and
– the average temperature of the smoke is below 200ºC.
The material is classified as B2 when, after 15 seconds of exposure to the flame of a gas burner:
– the time to reach the marked point equal to or greater than 20 seconds;
– the material does not ignite; and
– Scorching droplets extinguish after 2 seconds.

UNE EN15618:2009/ A1:2012 that defines the tests to be carried out and classifies the results:

  • EN ISO 1421: Tensile strength
  • EN ISO 4674: Tear resistance
  • ISO 3303: Burst resistance
  • EN ISO 5470-2: Abrasion resistance
  • EN ISO 5470-2: Resistance to finish
  • EN ISO 5981: Resistance to shear bending and rubbing
  • EN ISO 2411: Coating adhesion
  • EN ISO 105-B02: Color fastness to light
  • EN ISO 105-X12: Color fastness to rubbing
  • UNE ISO 26082:2008: Stain resistance

EN 20811

  • ISO 811: Impermeability
  • ISO 105 E03: Color fastness to chlorinated water
  • ISO 105 E02: Color fastness to sea water
  • ISO 14419: Oil resistance

UNE EN 144665:2004/A1:2007 that defines the tests to be carried out and classifies the results:

  • UNE EN ISO 13934-1: Tensile strength
  • UNE EN ISO 13937-3: Tear resistance
  • UNE EN ISO 13936-2: Seam slippage
  • UNE EN ISO 13938-1: Burst resistance
  • UNE EN ISO 12947-2: Abrasion resistance
  • UNE EN ISO 12945-2: Resistance to pilling
  • EN ISO 105-B02: Color fastness to light
  • EN ISO 105-X12: Color fastness to rubbing
  • NF G 35-104:1985: Determination of the propensity to bagging or “pochage”
  • UNE EN ISO 3758:V2 2012: Recommended conservation symbols
  • UNE ISO 26082:2008: Stain resistance

UNE EN 13336:

  • EN ISO 105-B02: Color fastness to artificial light
  • EN ISO 3377-1: Determination of tear resistance
  • EN ISO 4045: Determination of pH
  • EN ISO 5402-1: Determination of flexural resistance
  • EN ISO 11640: Color fastness to rubbing
  • EN ISO 11641: Color fastness to sweat
  • EN ISO 11644: Finish adhesion test
  • EN ISO 15700: Color fastness to water drop
  • EN ISO 17233: Determination of finish resistance to low temperature cracking
  • ISO 17493:2000: Determination of dimensional variations when exposed to dry heat
  • ISO 354/ISO 11654: Sound absorption
  • EN ISO 105-B02: Color fastness to light
  • UNE EN ISO 12945-2: Resistance to pilling
  • UNE EN 14500-2008-08: Thermal insulation

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